Wednesday, October 17, 2018


The Ruf CTR (Group C, Turbo Ruf) also known as the CTR Yellowbird or simply Yellowbird, was a limited-production, high performance sports car manufactured by Ruf Automobile of Germany.

Introduced for the 1987 model year and based on the Porsche 911, the CTR featured an enlarged and highly tuned version of Porsche's 3.2 litre flat-six cylinder engine, lightened body panels, an integrated roll cage (adding chassis stiffness in addition to occupant safety), upgraded suspension and braking systems, a custom-designed transmission, and several unique trim pieces such as polyurethane bumpers, and the use of the side mounted oil filler (a Porsche feature for the 1972 MY only) necessitated by relocating the oil tank forward to clear the intercooler on that side.

The car received its nickname, "Yellowbird", during testing by Road & Track magazine, whose staffers noted the contrast created by its yellow paintwork against the overcast skies on the day of their photo shoot.[History

CTR2 engine view with Alois Ruf
The CTR (abbreviation of "Group C Turbo Ruf") was based on the 1987 911 Carrera 3.2 as opposed to the 930, Porsche's factory turbocharged version of the 911, a decision made because of the 3.2's slightly lower curb weight and drag coefficient. Factory body panels including the doors, hood and engine cover were replaced with aluminum pieces, helping to knock an additional 200 kg (441 lb) off the vehicle's factory curb weight. Shaved rain gutters to reduce drag, fiberglass front and rear bumpers and a pair of intake ducts on the rear flares to allow airflow to the intercoolers topped the list of body modifications. The rear arches were also increased in width very slightly to accommodate the larger Speedline wheels.

In addition to the lighter panels, considerable modifications were made to the engine, including boring the cylinders out to 98 mm (3.86 in) to increase displacement from 3.2 L; 193.1 cu in (3,164 cc) to 3.4 L; 205.5 cu in (3,367 cc), adding an uprated Bosch Motronic 2.1 fuel injection system, and switching to the ignition setup originally designed for the Porsche 962 race car. A specifically designed turbo system featuring large twin-turbochargers and twin intercoolers topped the engine work, bringing total output to 469 PS (345 kW; 463 bhp) at 5950 rpm and 553 N⋅m (408 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 5100 rpm. The sound from the blow-off valve was also curiously close to the chirp of a canary, helping the name "Yellowbird" stick.[citation needed]

Ruf CTR Yellowbird powerplant.
At the time, Porsche offered the 911 3.2 with a 5-speed manual transmission, but the 930 featured only a 4-speed transmission, chosen because it was the only unit manufactured by the company that could handle the turbocharged engine's high output. Not content with only four forward gears and unable to satisfactorily modify the 5-speed unit, Ruf chose to use a new five-speed transmission of their own design on the CTR, which also gave them full freedom to customize gear ratios. To ensure absolute control, an upgraded suspension system, 17 inch Ruf Speedline alloy wheels, 330 mm (13.0 in) diameter Brembo braking system, and Dunlop's Denloc system performance tires were used.

The company debuted the vehicle at the end of 1987 with pricing set at $223,000 per unit, although that number could vary depending on whether a given customer ordered their car directly from Ruf or brought in a unit purchased via dealer for conversion. Ruf made only 29 CTRs from chassis bought from Porsche; about 20-30 were built from customers' Carreras.[3]

Ruf rated the CTR at 469 PS (345 kW; 463 hp) and 408 lb⋅ft (553 N⋅m) of torque. It is said that the power output of 469 PS (345 kW; 463 hp) was the lowest dynamometer reading of all the CTR engines tested while the average figure was closer to 507 PS (373 kW; 500 hp) or even higher.[3][4][2]

Much attention was given to aerodynamic considerations, with the body being de-guttered/seam welded and the use of filler panels for the door pillars and 935-style mirrors. Prototype models had NACA-style intercooler intake ducts over the rear fenders (later dropped, as it was discovered that air was pulled out, rather than in, at speed due to a low-pressure area), while later models had additional slots in the rear bumper corners for the air to exit.

Weighing in at 2,535 lb (1,150 kg), the CTR had a 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) acceleration time of 3.65 seconds and a top speed in excess of 338 km/h (210 mph). Although the Porsche 959 was faster in terms of acceleration to 97 km/h (60 mph), the Yellowbird could outperform all competition when it came to top speed, topping out at 342 km/h (213 mph), a top speed that made it the fastest production car in the world at the time of its introduction.[3][5][6]

Technical specifications[7][8]
Engine configuration: Twin-turbocharged SOHC 2 valves per cylinder flat-six engine
Bore X Stroke: 98 mm × 74.4 mm (3.86 in × 2.93 in)
Displacement: 3,367 cc (3.4 L; 205.5 cu in)
Compression ratio: 7.5:1
Power: 469 PS (345 kW; 463 hp) at 5,950 rpm
Torque: 553 N⋅m (408 lb⋅ft) at 5,100 rpm
Redline: 6,800 rpm
Curb weight: 1,150 kg (2,535 lb)
Gearbox: 5-speed manual transmission (6-speed optional)
Tyres: 215/45ZR-17 front, 255/40ZR-17 rear
Layout: Rear-engine, rear-wheel-drive.


The Recaro seats in a CTR
The CTR could generally outperform most of the other high performance cars of the time, including the Ferrari Testarossa and Lamborghini Countach.[9] In addition, despite being slower than the Porsche 959 in accelerating from 0-60 mph (97 km/h), it could outperform the Porsche 959, Ferrari F40 and the Lamborghini Diablo accelerating from 0-160 km/h (99 mph) and attain a higher top speed.[2][6]

The CTR was also a highly competent track vehicle, and for several years it held the unofficial lap record at the Nürburgring-Nordschleife track.[10]

Test results by Autocar:

0–48 km/h (30 mph): 1.69 seconds [5]
0–97 km/h (60 mph): 3.65 seconds [5]
0–161 km/h (100 mph): 6.71 seconds [5]
0–241 km/h (150 mph): 14.59 seconds [5]
0–322 km/h (200 mph): 35.57 seconds [5]
Standing mile: 27.7 seconds at 304.34 km/h (189.11 mph) [5]
0–161–0 kph: 11.85 seconds [5]
0–322–0 kph: 47.20 seconds [5]
Test results by other magazines:

0–100 km/h (62 mph): 4.1 seconds [1]
0–200 km/h (124 mph): 10.5 seconds [11]
Standing 1/4 mile: 11.7 s at 215 km/h (133.5 mph)[9]
0–1,000 m: 20.9 seconds [1]
Top speed: 342 km/h (213 mph) [6]
Other Media
The Ruf CTR had its first appearance in April 1987 at the "World's Fastest Cars" contest held by American car magazine Road & Track where it was designated "The Fastest Production Car in the World". It did 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.0 seconds, 0-100 mph (161 km/h) in 7.3 seconds, 0-124.3 mph (200 km/h) in 10.5 seconds, ​1⁄4 mile (402 m) in 11.7 seconds at 133.5 mph (215 km/h) and reached a top speed of 211 mph (340 km/h), beating the competition by 10 mph (16 km/h). Paul Frère shouted "This is faster than I've ever gone in my life!" during a ride.[9][12][11]

In 1988, Auto motor und sport organized a high speed test at Nardò Ring where the Ruf CTR was the fastest reaching 342 km/h (213 mph), surpassing a Porsche 959 s (339 km/h (211 mph)), two Ferrari F40s (321 km/h (199 mph) each) and a Mercedes AMG 6.0 32V (288 km/h (179 mph)). At one point it achieved an unofficial 215 mph (346 km/h).[6][12]

In 1989, test driver Stefan Roser drove the CTR around the Nürburgring. The laps were captured on camera and released by Ruf in a video called "Faszination on the Nürburgring".[4]

In 2004, an old Ruf CTR was able to keep up with new supercars like Porsche Carrera GT, Enzo Ferrari and Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren at the Autocar 0-100-0 challenge and impressed the audience,[5] so did another one - with more than 100,000 kilometers on its odometer - at the Road & Track standing mile contest 2005. Steve Millen, after testing a CTR, stated: "That thing's a blast. It accelerates hard. It's a real old-school car with a lot of torque and power. Just awesome. What a rush. It pulled the whole way through."[13]

The Ruf CTR is a playable/drivable car in the video games "The Duel: Test Drive II", "Project Gotham Racing 3", "Project Gotham Racing 4", "Driver: San Francisco", "Forza Motorsport 4", "Forza Horizon", "Assetto Corsa", "Project CARS", and most of the "Gran Turismo" series games.

The CTR was succeeded in 1996 by the CTR2 based on Porsche's newer 993 Generation 911.


2017 Ruf CTR on display at the Geneva Motor Show
At the 87th Geneva Motor Show held from 9 to 19 March 2017, exactly 30 years after the original CTR was launched, Ruf presented a new model paying tribute to the original CTR. The new CTR utilises an in-house developed carbon fibre body bearing resemblance to a Porsche 964 along with an aluminium chassis resulting in a dry weight of 2,640 lb (1,197 kg). The car is not 911 based unlike the original CTR. The new CTR is powered by a 3.6-litre water cooled twin-turbocharged Flat-6 engine producing 700 hp (710 PS; 522 kW) at 6750 rpm and 880 N⋅m (649 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4000 rpm.[14] The car is capable of accelerating from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in just under 3.5 seconds and can reach a top speed of 360 km/h (224 mph). The car also sports retro components based off the original CTR such as the 'whale tail' rear wing, five-spoke wheels, interior and the steering wheel. Only 30 examples of the 2017 CTR will be produced with each car costing €750,000.[15]

Koenigsegg Agera RS (2015–2018)

Koenigsegg Agera RS (2015–2018)

Koenigsegg Agera RS at the Geneva Motor Show 2015
The Koenigsegg Agera RS was unveiled at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show, along with the prototype version of the Koenigsegg Regera. The Agera RS is an advanced version of the Agera R, implementing some of the new technology and features of the One:1 and combining the features of the Agera R and the Agera S.[23] Koenigsegg billed it as "the ultimate track tool" due to its lightweight features and track optimized technologies. The Agera RS produces 450 kg of downforce at 250 km/h. The 5.0-litre V8 engine now produces 865 kW (1,160 hp) on regular pump gasoline. The optional 1-megawatt package increases the engine's power to 1,000 kW (1,341 bhp). The Agera RS is limited to 25 units. Each Agera RS can be fully customized by its owner. Some of the customised versions of the Agera RS include: Agera RS Draken, Agera XS, Agera RS Gryphon, Agera RSR, Agera RS Naraya, Agera RS1 and Agera RS ML.

The last Agera RS rolled off the production line on 4 April 2018.[2

Koenigsegg One:1 (2014–2016)

Koenigsegg One:1 (2014–2016)

The Koenigsegg One:1 at the Goodwood Festival of Speed
The Koenigsegg One:1 was presented at the March 2014 Geneva Motor Show.[21] Koenigsegg built six cars apart from the car presented at the Geneva Motor Show. All of which were already sold. Koenigsegg took two cars to the 2014 Goodwood Festival of Speed, where they were displayed alongside other hypercars such as the McLaren P1, the Ferrari LaFerrari, the Porsche 918 Spyder and the Pagani Huayra.

The car is fitted with a variant of the same 5.0 L twin-turbocharged V8 engine used in the other Agera variants. It generates a maximum power output of 1,360 PS (1,000 kW; 1,341 hp) at 7,500 rpm and 1,371 N⋅m (1,011 lb⋅ft) of torque at 6,000 rpm.[22] The transmission is a 7-speed dual clutch paddle shift as used in other variants of the Agera.

The name One:1 comes from the power-to-weight ratio (1,360 PS to 1360 kg) giving the car 1 PS per 1 kg weight. The 1,360 PS power output is the equivalent of one megawatt, which Koenigsegg claims makes the One:1 the 'world's first megacar'. The car is track focused as opposed to the previous cars made by Koenigsegg. Koenigsegg had to sacrifice a few things to be able to achieve their goal with the car. There is an airscoop on the removable roof and an extra set of radiators in the front compartment, so it would not have been possible to stow the roof in the boot like previous models. As such, Koenigsegg have taken advantage of this and modeled the front to create more downforce, which reduces boot capacity by 40%.

Tuesday, October 16, 2018

Koenigsegg Agera S (2013–2014)

Koenigsegg Agera S (2013–2014)

Koenigsegg Agera S
Koenigsegg presented the Agera S model in 2013. Built for markets lacking E85 biofuel, the Agera S has most of the upgrades of the Agera R compared to the normal Agera including the dynamic wing, but is optimized for running on low-octane gasoline generating a maximum power output of 1,044 PS; 768 kW (1,030 hp) and 1,100 N⋅m (811 lbf⋅ft) compared to the 973 PS; 716 kW (960 hp) and 1,100 N⋅m (811 lbf⋅ft) of an Agera R running on the same fuel.[18] In 2013, one Agera S was the 100th Koenigsegg ever produced, celebrated by a specially-built car with gold leaf inlays named "Hundra" (Swedish for hundred).[19]

On 10 June 2014, NAZA Swedish Motors launched the Agera S in Malaysia. It was the second Koenigsegg after the CCXR to arrive in the country, thus setting a new market for Koenigsegg. It was priced at RM5,000,000 before taxes and it was estimated that it will be priced at RM15,000,000 with government tax and duties—making it one of the most expensive cars in the country. The Agera S is the only model offered in Malaysia due to the absence of E85 biofuel there.[20]

Koenigsegg Agera R (2011–2014)

Koenigsegg Agera R (2011–2014)

Koenigsegg Agera R
The Agera R made its debut at the March 2011 Geneva Motor Show with a Speed Racer livery, and special Michelin tyres. It can accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 2.8 seconds and reach a theoretical top speed of 439 km/h (273 mph). The Agera R has a drag coefficient of Cd=0.37, or Cd=0.33 at high speed due to its adaptive rear wing, while producing 300 kg (660 lb) of downforce at 250 km/h (155 mph). This adaptive rear wing system is lighter than conventional hydraulic/electrical adaptive systems, and has the unique ability to compensate for head/tailwind due to its spring-loaded design. Furthermore, the pylons holding the wing play not only a role in the Agera R's aerodynamic performance, but also assist in extracting hot air from the engine bay.[10]

On 2 September 2011, during test sessions in Ängelholm, the Agera R broke six world land speed records for a production car, including 0–300 km/h (0–186 mph) in 14.53 seconds, and 0–300–0 km/h in only 21.19 seconds.[13] The braking performance required to maintain this record is enabled in part by the Agera's stability, demonstrated by Koenigsegg test driver and drivetrain technician Robert Serwanski, who was recorded by passenger Rob Ferretti (founder of the group "Super Speeders") braking from 300 km/h to 0 without holding the steering wheel.[14]

The Agera R can produce lateral cornering forces of 1.60 G,[15] due to a combination of mechanical balance and high levels of grip from the specially developed Michelin Supersport tyres.

The 2013 version of the Agera R premiered at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. Upgrades included carbon fibre wheels, enhanced aerodynamics, and engine upgrades allowing the Agera R's twin-turbo V8 engine to produce 1,150 PS (1,134 hp; 846 kW) at 7,100 rpm and 1,200 N⋅m (885 lb⋅ft) of torque at 4,100 rpm on E85 fuel.[16] Koenigsegg's Flex Fuel Sensor technology allows the ECU to respond to varying fuel qualities and alcohol content by reducing power levels as a means of protecting the engine. On standard low-octane fuels, power is reduced to 973 PS (716 kW; 960 hp).[15]

The Agera R was featured prominently in the Need for Speed franchise, prominently in Criterion Games' Need for Speed: Most Wanted (2012), Ghost Games' Need for Speed Rivals (2013), and the 2014 film Need for Speed. It is also featured in the 2013 mobile game Real Racing 3. All the three Agera R's featured in the film Need for Speed were replicas.[17]

The Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4

The Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4 

The Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4 is a mid-engined sports car, designed and developed in Germany by the Volkswagen Group and manufactured in Molsheim, France, by Bugatti. It was named after the racing driver Pierre Veyron.

The original version has a top speed of 407 km/h (253 mph).[5][6] It was named Car of the Decade and best car award (2000–2009) by the BBC television programme Top Gear. The standard Bugatti Veyron also won Top Gear's Best Car Driven All Year award in 2005.

The Super Sport version of the Veyron is recognised by Guinness World Records as the fastest street-legal production car in the world, with a top speed of 431.072 km/h (267.856 mph).[7] The roadster Veyron Grand Sport Vitesse version is the fastest roadster in the world, reaching an averaged top speed of 408.84 km/h (254.04 mph) in a test on 6 April, 2013.[8][9]

The Veyron's chief designer was Hartmut Warkuss and the exterior was designed by Jozef Kabaň of Volkswagen, with much of the engineering work being conducted under the guidance of engineering chief Wolfgang Schreiber. The Veyron includes a sound system designed and built by Burmester Audiosysteme.[10]

Several special variants have been produced. In December, 2010, Bugatti began offering prospective buyers the ability to customise exterior and interior colours by using the Veyron 16.4 Configurator application on the marque's official website.[11][12] The Bugatti Veyron was discontinued in late 2014.

Porsche 918 Spyder

The Porsche 918 Spyder is a mid-engined plug-in hybrid sports car manufactured by German automobile manufacturer Porsche.[3] The Spyder is powered by a naturally aspirated 4.6 L (4,593 cc) V8 engine, developing 608 PS (447 kW; 600 bhp) at 8500 rpm, with two electric motors delivering an additional 210 kW (286 PS; 282 bhp) for a combined output of 887 PS (652 kW; 875 bhp) and 1,280 N⋅m (944 lbf⋅ft) of torque.[4][5] The 918 Spyder's 6.8 kWh lithium-ion battery pack delivers an all-electric range of 19 km (12 mi) under the US Environmental Protection Agency's five-cycle tests.[1]

Production began on September 18, 2013, with deliveries initially scheduled to begin in December 2013, and a starting price of ~ €611,000 (US$845,000 or GB£511,000).[6][7][8] The 918 Spyder was sold out in December 2014 and production ended in June 2015.[9]

The 918 Spyder was first shown as a concept at the 80th Geneva Motor Show in March 2010.[6] On July 28, 2010, after 2,000 declarations of interest, the Supervisory board of Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG, Stuttgart, approved series development of the 918 Spyder.[10] The production version was unveiled at the September 2013 Frankfurt Motor Show.[11] Porsche also unveiled the RSR racing variant of the 918 at the 2011 North American International Auto Show, which combines hybrid technology first used in the 997 GT3 R Hybrid, with styling from the 918 Spyder.[12] The 918 Spyder was the second plug-in hybrid car from Porsche, after the 2014 Panamera S E-Hybrid.[13]


The Ruf CTR (Group C, Turbo Ruf) also known as the CTR Yellowbird or simply Yellowbird, was a limited-production, high performance sports...